Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurobiological disorder. In some instances a child may not appear Hyperactive and may be diagnosed with ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder). Parents usually find out about this condition when their child is young and it often lasts into adulthood. Children with ADHD may have trouble paying attention, and may have impulsive behaviours which manifests in possibly acting without thinking, and lastly can be hyperactive. It has not been determined what exactly causes ADHD. possible factors can be genetics, environment factors and problems in the Central Nervous System (CNS) at key developmental milestones.
Sometimes it is hard for parents to distinguish between ADHD and typical child-like behaviour. If a parent only identifies a few symptoms in some situations, it is probably not ADHD. However, if your child shows a number of ADHD signs and symptoms that are present across multiple situations- for example, at home, school, as well as when playing, it’s time to take a closer look and reach out to get him or her assessed.
Common diagnostic criteria include DSM-5 or ICD-10 frame of reference. At our centre we use the DSM-5 criteria and the gold standard assessment tools to diagnose this complex disorder.
It is important to know that intervention can make a dramatic improvement in your child’s symptoms. If your child struggles with ADHD/ADD symptoms, don’t hesitate to get professional help immediately. Options to start with include getting your child into therapy, executing a better diet and exercise plan, and amending the home environment to minimize distractions.
Children with ADHD/ADD may struggle with Executive Functioning and organizing skills. An Occupational Therapist can help with attention and concentration, and executive functioning skills.