Experts define intellectual disability as:
“…significantly subaverage general intellectual functioning, existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.”
Intellectual disability is usually present from birth or early infancy, and hence causes restrictions in the ability to conduct “typical” activities of everyday life.
The most common criteria for diagnosis of ID is Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5) which includes:
The full Criteria for Intellectual Disability can be found in DSM-5.
Intellectual Disability has 4 categories of functioning: Mild, Moderate, Severe and Profound. This will be determined by the score of the cognitive assessment or IQ score as can be obtained by an Intelligence Quotient (IQ) assessment.
Assessment and Diagnosis
Dynamics Psychological Practice has the expertise to provide assessments and diagnosis of intellectual disability. We use the gold standard IQ tests for pre-school (WPPSI-IV), school aged children (WISC-V), and adults (WAIS-3). Our specialists can assess the full array of a person's strengths and weaknesses, and these must be considered in determining what kind of support may be needed. Factors such as academic performance, physical disabilities, mental illness, personality problems, and interpersonal skills are all taken into consideration. Furthermore, our therapy services including Speech Therapy, Occupational Therapy and Early Intervention Program, are fully equipped to help you and your child achieve the highest level of functioning possible.