Sensory integration is a process that allows people to take in information from the environment through the senses and put the information into a form that helps us make sense of the environment and influence our actions. We look at: vision, auditory, taste, smell, touch, vestibular (the sense of movement) and proprioception (awareness of our body in space).
Many children with Autism experience difficulties with this process of organizing and making sense of the sensory input they receive. People with sensory processing difficulties may find the world unpredictable and confusing. This is one of the reasons behind the hypothesis that children with Autism prefer predictable routines.
Some sensory integration difficulties exhibit
Sensory integration therapy can help children learn to organize the information they receive from their various senses. It provides graded sensory experiences in order to develop more appropriate responses to sensory input, i.e. an Adaptive Response.